Pilar Alessandra – Sydney Screenwriting Seminar

In February 2014, I had the pleasure and privilege of organising and enjoying LA-based screenwriting instructor Pilar Alessandra’s Screenwriting Intensive One Day Seminar – one event in Sydney and one in Melbourne. Pilar was kind enough to give some of her time to an interview with fantastically talented actor, presenter and writer, Kristy Best.

Head on over to Vimeo to check it out. And remember to visit Pilar’s website, http://onthepage.tv for great screenwriting tips, podcasts and courses.


Romancing the Story


Their eyes lock across the crowded room. Inexplicably, they are drawn to each other by some invisible force, a magnetism that no wall of humans can inhibit. Entranced by each other’s company, the bond steadily grows, developing until it blossoms into a ceremony of public declaration of love. A writer meets the one, the story that opens up the mysterious catchment of creativity, dwelling deep in the soul which means that the writer and writing are now one. They are compelled to be together until death parts them.

Over the top? Maybe. But really, if we are not ‘in love’ with writing then how do we convince our audiences to read – or in the case of film, watch, our stories? If our characters aren’t evoking an emotional response in us, then where does that leave our audience? They are sitting in the dark for a couple of hours wondering what else they could have done with their money, and even more importantly, their time. More than likely, it will be: I wonder what I could have watched on VOD tonight instead? Our movies should be evoking a visceral response from the audience on some level. If not, then we have failed. We have lost the soul of our story. Could it be because even we don’t like our characters or we’re not moved by our own story?

Has formula replaced creative storytelling in an effort to secure ROI? Many would – and do – suggest that this the case. And to a point, I agree. It would seem that we have lost our way and sold out to the demands of the studios in writing scripts that are almost guaranteed success – the sequels, the prequels, and even adaptations because the story and characters are established. In that way, the movies have become like episodes of an ongoing story or series, like television or even a book series. And while that concept is not wrong, it becomes tired and jaded when it is being pumped out just a little too often.

And so now we see a resurgence of television with the emergence of binge watching, the ability to watch up to a whole season in one sitting via the Netflix or Quikflix or any other VOD company. And with that, we have seen the quality of television programs available through this method rise dramatically in excellence – House of Cards being the prime example.

And what has made these programs so successful? It’s not just accessibility or the viewers’ ability to control how much they watch at a time. These programs are great stories. The characters are engaging and we want to know more, every episode.

So it may be said, cinema has lost the plot. And yet there are some wonderful films being made by both the indie film crowd and the studios. But most of these are not original stories. It’s like we have fallen out of love with storytelling. We have become so clever in our efforts to ensure the ROI for investors (don’t get me wrong – this is important!), we have lost our love for storytelling, engaging, fun, dramatic, adventurous, edgy, storytelling.

romancingthestory1We must find our own romance with our stories, rediscovering what drew us in to this amazing craft that enables us to create worlds and characters that we can share with others. Telling stories that expose and explore human nature and teach us a little about ourselves. Of course, to do that, the writer must also be willing to bare their soul to an audience who may not share the writer’s POV. But still, the stories must be told. That is how humankind operates. We are the only species that tells stories. So why have we lost the romance of storytelling and replaced it with scripts that are more in line with an accountant’s calculations and demographic assessments than whether an audience will be moved emotionally, stimulated mentally and even inspired to change their own world.

Your Film is Coffee | Truly Free Film

Your Film is Coffee | Truly Free Film.

By Emily Best

I want to start a Fair Trade Filmmaking movement. I have been shouting this from the rooftops, but I understand that talking to filmmakers about getting paid better is like praising virtue and condemning vice: it’s too easy. Read on . . .

Audience is King!

When The Sapphires was released in August, a few screenwriting friends and I made sure we saw this new gem of Australian filmmaking for ourselves. I confess – the reviews, reports and marketing campaign (not to mention the talent) held me in anticipation – albeit slightly reserved. I love musicals – film and theatre – and this film took me on a wonderful journey. The tagline captures the film’s essence: ‘Follow your heart. Discover your soul’. No – it’s not earth-shatteringly perfect, but it grabbed me by the heart strings and took me with it. The characters were engaging, the music and singing terrific and the ending was satisfying. And there’s no coincidence that soul music is so central to the story. So why was The Sapphires taken into the hearts of Australian audiences? Is it just its feel-good appeal? And why was my anticipation somewhat reserved?

Australian films have been languishing in a limbotic state in recent times, promising much but just not delivering the level of impact on audiences and critics that we experienced a few years back. That’s not to say Hollywood was in any danger of being overtaken by the Australian film industry, but hey – they rated on the Aussie audience radar. Irrespective of personal taste, movies like Crocodile Dundee, Babe and Strictly Ballroom are among 17 films earning more than $10 million at the Australian box office and all made between 1980 and 2000. Comparatively, in the last ten years, only four Australian films have earned $10 million or more (Source: Screen Australia).

Australian actors and filmmakers have long been recognised and applauded for their creativity, skill and talent. Heaven knows, there are Australians everywhere doing very well, thank you, in all filmmaking roles. Despite this fact, our homegrown films have not reached the same dizzying heights. And certainly not in the hearts of Australian audiences. But The Sapphires seems to have struck a chord with Australian and worldwide audiences alike. Red Dog had similar success and several other films such as Animal Kingdom, with Jacki Weaver‘s Oscar-nominated performance to boost it, received international recognition and critical acclaim. Notoriously difficult to please (some may argue this point!) and often harsher on our own, we Aussies just don’t warm to our films. And the tone of our stories in the last few years have been generally slow, uninspiring and some – well, downright depressing. Critical acclaim, it seems, holds little regard with the locals.

Red Dog – on location.

What to do about this situation? Indeed, some may disagree there is a ‘situation’. That’s fine – everyone is entitled to their opinion. But fact is, our people don’t rush to the box office to spend their hard-earned on a home-grown production. There is a saying in the retail sector: Customer is King! That is, to make a decent fist of a retail business, you need to find out what your customer wants and deliver it. You cannot dictate what your customer wants. Now advertising manipulates that to some degree, but nevertheless if you don’t supply, customers won’t buy. Once you’re established, you can introduce other things because your customers know you and are then more accepting of new things. Sound familiar?

Maybe we need to look at this business in a similar way: Audience is King! Look at what brings Australian audiences in and make films with that in mind. And I am not advocating ‘formula’. Nor do we stay within the confines of a couple of genres. That is not a lasting platform for success. The horror fan needs to be accommodated as much as the rom-com fan does. My point is, work out why something works and use the principles to produce great entertainment – with our audience in mind as the main reason we do what we do. The best performers are there for the audience – they respect that someone has spent money and time to watch them. They study their craft to deliver the best product they can and realise that those audience members can choose to spend their money and time elsewhere. It seems our film audiences are choosing to do exactly that. And speaking of money . . .

Millions of dollars to back a film do not, as we well know, ensure box-office success. A number of great films have been made on a miniscule budget, and some mega-dollar flops have sent studios packing. But, we need some money to make films. Funding opportunities through the established organisations in the lucky country are difficult and tightly-contested at best. And while the same sort of scripts get funded, we face a continuing cycle of people writing to a style that gets money for development with no real return at the box office. Make no mistake – filmmaking is as much business as it is art. I want to pay the people who work on my films – not ask them to wait until we start to get a return. But if the public are not paying to see films, then it all becomes an almost narcissistic activity.

Again, what to do? We must change the status quo. Sounds easy, right? No – not at all. But I believe it can be achieved. We have a vibrant, creative filmmaking community that is just itching to develop quality entertainment. Being force-fed the current free-to-air television slush has not helped promote the cause of great writing and production. I wonder if the public have been duped into believing this is the best we can offer and so our films are just the same. Sure, we have had some recent television series that have been solid and eminently watchable, but definitely no Breaking Bad, Smash, Boardwalk Empire, or Downton Abbey types have broached our screens. It’s not for lack of good writers, directors, producers, cinematographers, actors – in fact any role. If we have money for the likes of the now defunct (cough) The Shire, we have money for more of the quality of House Husbands and Rake. And I am convinced that the size of the screen does not matter where good entertainment is concerned.

I attended this year’s SPAA Fringe Conference, held 26-27 October, on Sydney’s Cockatoo Island, alongside the Cockatoo Island Film Festival, 24-28 October. The island was buzzing with film fans, actors, directors, producers and emerging television and filmmakers of all types. Those attending SPAA Fringe heard about the latest in crowdfunding, crowdsourcing and crowd-investing, grants, government funding, multi-platform producing, web-series, and the list is way too long for this post. The incredible diversity and creativity amongst our local screen community was evident and there were many more amazingly talented filmmakers who could not attend.

We can start somewhere to make an impact and bring more of that fresh breeze that is stirring in this business. I believe the future of the industry is in good hands – provided we keep our audience on the top of our priority list and earn their respect once again. Then we’ll see bums on seats and the box office ticking over, so we can do what? Make more great films!

Batman, Nolan & Why Cinema Matters

Like millions of people around the world, I was so excited to finally get my chance to see The Dark Knight Rises. I faithfully avoided reviews, comments and anything I felt would colour my viewing of this much-hyped event. And was I satisfied? Did it meet my own expectations? Absolutely. And frankly, as a movie-goer who paid for my ticket and sat down in a theatre with other movie-goers, that is all that mattered to me.

I have heard fellow writers speak about where it failed, or didn’t work; and yet others who feel as I do – Nolan nailed it. And I can see where they have their point, and of course, are allowed their opinion – as we all are. But, I loved it. I look forward to seeing it again. I know there is much I need to revisit, just to absorb the film better. And considering Nolan stated in his farewell to Batman letter that he did not originally plan to do two movies, let alone three, he managed to tie up all three stories in the last instalment.

Hathaway’s Catwoman was terrific, and provided a much-needed relief character, usually provided by Caine’s Alfred. She was often the Court Jester, and the character who would follow her own path yet act as the catalyst in propelling our hero on his journey. And running down the subway tracks in those heels – well, step back Batman!

The story is convoluted, but who watches a Nolan film for a simple story? No – we love Nolan because he manages to get so much into a film, and yet not lose the plot (pun intended!). But there are also times when ‘simple’ fits the bill for me – I love watching Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers tear up the dance floor!

But I’m not analysing or making comments on structure – I need to see it a couple more times for a proper look in that way. Certainly a trip to see it in IMAX is a priority! But what I did really love was the hype, the interest and the conversation about the film before it came anywhere near a public screen. People were excited about going to the cinema, seeing a film outside their living rooms and being taken on a ride out of the everyday. Whether the critics or other filmmakers thought it was Nolan’s best work or not, it doesn’t matter. What matters is that film and movies and characters and stories are still an important part of people’s lives. They are choosing to spend their hard-earned leisure time and money on what filmmakers are putting on screens – whether they are independent films or backed by a large studio.

And as one who is a writer and on a learning curve as a producer, I can say that is great news! There will always be a job for me and my colleagues as long as people want to see films. And our job is then to ensure we make the stuff that keep audiences turning up. The recent horrific tragedy at Aurora, Colorado will naturally affect people’s decision to attend a cinema, but ultimately we will remember that events such as this are out of the ordinary and we will not have our freedom determined by the irrational actions of an individual.

The late Blake Snyder, in his response to someone who disagreed with Snyder’s assessment of Nolan’s Memento, made this comment about why making entertaining cinema matters:

‘And on a personal note, I am a reverse snob when it comes to film. I think there is something beautiful about entertaining lots of people; it’s selfless, it’s giving, it’s thinking of an audience first and your “growth as an artist ” second.

I think there is something terribly arrogant about many filmmakers who create movies to “make people think.” People can do their own thinking thanks. What they can’t do on their own is be entertained, taken away, lifted up, inspired, and delighted. That’s what “commercial” films do best, and I think it’s a pretty noble pursuit! Hollywood does it better than anyone in the world, and I am the defender of that philosophy — despite the fact that it often leads to overemphasis on box office.

To me, making money is not what being “commercial” is about.  But if you want to know how people vote with their ticket buying, the only way to see what works and what doesn’t is box office — and that’s why I emphasize it.’ (January, 2009; http://www.blakesnyder.com)

And in a final comment, people who make films do so because they love it; money is a poor reward for the effort, hard work and hours poured into creating a world into which our audiences can disappear for even a short time. There are far easier ways to make money. As Walt Disney said, ‘We don’t make movies to make money, we make money to make more movies.’

A shadow cast on Hollywood

A shadow cast on Hollywood 

Alex Pham, Steven Zeitchik, Ben Fritz

Director Rob Cohen on the set of the film Stealth.

“I’m asking myself what are we responsible for…” … action film director-producer Rob Cohen.

This article appeared in the Los Angeles Times, and was reposted in the Sydney Sun Herald. It is an interesting read and provides a perspective for consideration.

While filmmakers – writers included – are not to blame for the recent horrific events in Aurora, Colorado, we do play a part in shaping society’s thinking and behaviour. Film is a particularly powerful medium where we hold the attention of thousands of people for about two hours, telling our stories and infusing our ideas.

Violence has always been part and parcel of human behaviour, and therefore storytelling, so blaming violence in film as a cause for tragedies such as Aurora is misplaced, and to my current thinking, a cop out. People are still responsible for their own choices, decisions and actions.

But maybe us humans should be looking at a whole range of things that influence society and taking stock of what we have come to see as socially acceptable.  As writers, filmmakers and media, I believe we still need to constantly review the content of our production and consider the level of influence that we hold in the broader community.

Hugh Jackman on Les Misérables & Live Theatre

Les Miserables will be something special, and I love Hugh’s quote on theatre.

Hugh Jackman Speaks On ‘Les Misérables’ & Live Theatre | Flicks and Bits.

‘Les Miserables’ is one of the greatest stories ever told, and it really is an uplifting story about the human spirit. It is a rare feeling to be in something that you know you will look back on as one the highlights of your life. Read more . . .